Recently I ran into a blog post and white paper on HIPAA and use of HL7 standards that looked just a bit dubious. On further review, the content in the whitepaper describes the thinking about the claims attachments rule more than 10 years ago. On further investigation, it reproduces that same content from an 8-year-old paper from the same author, and so I can CONFIRM this information to be very much out of date. If you think you need HL7 for HIPAA today, ask for a reference to the regulation requiring it (and send me a copy). I would like to say otherwise, but at present, I haven't seen any proposed or current regulation that requires the use of the HL7 Version 2 or CDA standard for claims related transactions. If I'm wrong (and I'd love to be), I'll publicly apologize.
The blog post presents a claim that "hidden in the details" of HIPAA is a requirement to use HL7 standards. You won't find that requirement in any HIPAA related legislation, you'd have to read the actual regulations. Recently I listed out a collection of regulations and laws that I keep up with (see What is the Gunge in my Head [pdf]).
Only one piece of the HIPAA related regulation requires the use of HL7 standard for claims transactions, and that is the Claims Attachments Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (pdf). While that NPRM requires use of an HL7 standard, that is a notice of a PROPOSED rule, not a final rule. Furthermore, if you look at the dates, and have been following the Claims Attachment regulation, you'll see that there has been no further action towards this rulemaking.
The Clinical Operations workgroup of the HIT Standards Federal Advisory Committee have been reviewing the case for Claim Attachments as well. Under ARRA/HITECH, HHS is REQUIRED again, to create regulation for Claims attachments. Hopefully, they will be successful this time, because twelve years after the fact, they still haven't created the required regulations under HIPAA. Currently, it appears that an approach similar to that promoted by HITSP for the Consults and Transfers of Care Use case, and subsequently the Clinical Notes and Documents Extension. This is described to some degree in HITSP Capability 119: Communicate Structured Document (pdf), and makes use of HITSP C83 CDA Content Modules specification.
I expect that the general claims of the blog post are correct, you will likely need to use HL7 standards for claims transactions, but I think the details are wrong. Here are my PREDICTIONS*:
- You will likely need to use HL7 CDA Standard for attachments, using CCD templates where applicable, and other HL7, IHE, HITSP or other SDO developed templates where CCD does not provide a template.
- The regulation is likely a couple of years away with regard to implementation deadlines, not something immediately needed, but probably right around the corner.
- The Secretary of HHS will hoefully take into account the 5010 and ICD-10 regulation currently in final rule form into account when setting deadlines for attachments.
* My predictions are just that, predictions. There is no certainty behind them, and you take responsibility for your own use of them.
P.S. If you change HIPAA to ARRA or HITECH, and payment to meaningful use incentive, the post and white paper would much closer to being accurate. Just because HL7 isn't yet required for payment transactions, doesn't mean you shouldn't be paying attention.